93 慶応・法

  

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次の英文を読み、下記の各設問(A)(B)に答えなさい。

The strange relationship between twins is a familiar enough phenomenon. Often they seem to understand each other and share each other's emotions to such an extent that one suspects some kind of telepathic communication. What is not so widely known is that this special relationship often acts as a brake on twins' intellectual development. As they are partly isolated in their own private world, twins communicate less with adults than do other children. The verbal ability of a four-year-old twin is typically six months ( a ) that of a non-twin. The problem can be particularly severe in a deprived home a one-parent family for example where there is little stimulation for children anyway. Such children, while capable of mutual comprehension in a private language, often remain incomprehensible to outsiders and are thus at a severe educational disadvantage. The only solution to the problem, ( b ) though it may seem, is to separate the twins, thus forcing them to acquire ordinary speech helped and guided by sympathetic parents and teachers.


(A)
a) 空所(a)に入れるのに最も適当な語を次の語群(1〜5)より選び、その数字を記入しなさい。

 1) after   2) before   3) behind   4) forward   5) inferior

b) 空所(b)に入れるのに最も適当な語を次の語群(1〜5)より選び、その数字を記入しなさい。

1) cruel   2) encouraging   3) sympathetic   4) unprofitable
5) incredible

(B) 次の各英文(イ〜リ)の中で、上の文章の内容と合致しているものには1を、内容と矛盾するものには2を、内容のみからでは判断できないものには3を、それぞれ記入しなさい。

イ)There is a strange relationship between twins; they understand each other in a way other people don't.  

ロ)Twins generally learn to talk early because they don't communicate as much with adults and can understand each other without speaking.   

ハ)Twins seem to have mental powers which cannot be explained by scientists, such as being able to communicate with other people without using speech.    

ニ)Twins' problems are particularly severe in a deprived home because there is even less encouragement to speak there.    

ホ)Twins who are partly isolated in their own private world are prone to make mistakes when they communicate with others.    

ヘ)Separating twins does not help their intellectual development because it forces them to speak like other people.    

ト)To separate twins thus forcing them to acquire ordinary speech often leads to their educational disadvantage.    

チ)It is not so well known that twins are partly isolated in their own private world.    

リ)Twins are likely to have problems in communicating with adult teachers.    


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