89 学習院大

  

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The idea of the Renaissance is a singularly complicated one. Historians differ sharply as to when it began and when it ended. Some see its beginnings as early as the twelfth or thirteenth centuries; others prolong the Middle Ages until as ( W ) as the seventeenth century. Some historians date the Renaissance from the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453, on the ( X ) {that this drove Greek scholars westwards into Mediterranean Europe} ; others hold that (1)the Renaissance was really set in motion by the rapid printing of books from movable type, which was introduced about 1451 and became common fifty years later.

These differences in ( Y ) arise, naturally, from different conceptions of the character of the Renaissance. For example, did it involve, among other things, the birth of 'modern man' and the emergence of ( Z ) ? Should the rise of empirical science and the close attention to nature be regarded as part of it ? And on a more trivial level, did it include a new love of mountain climbing ? Obviously, one's decision as to what the Renaissance was affects one's idea of when it occurred.

[Notes]
*movable type活字  *empirical science  経験科学


A 空所(W)、(X),(Y)、(Z)に入れる最も適当な語句を、それぞれ次の(イ)〜(ニ)の中から1つ選びなさい。

(W)   (イ) down (ロ) late (ハ) slow (ニ) up

(X)   (イ) cause (ロ) excuse (ハ) grounds (ニ) reason

(Y)   (イ) beginning (ロ) dating (ハ) motion (ニ)Printing

(Z)   (イ) individualism (ロ) mass media (ハ)revolution (ニ)communism


B 下線部(1)を日本語に訳しなさい。

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