85 昭和女子大・文・家政

  

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次の英文を読み、設問に答えなさい。

Meteors are sometimes called shooting stars. Meteors are pieces of material which float around in the sky. When one of these objects gets too near the earth, it is pulled toward the earth. As the object falls toward the earth, it travels very fast. As it rushes through the layer of air around our earth, it gets so hot that it really burns. It is the light from this fire which we see streaming through the air and think of as shooting star.

Most of these objects burn up before they reach the earth. These are called meteors. If the objects do not burn up entirely, they are called meteorites. Most meteorites are very small, but a few very large ones have fallen to our earth.


(A) 本文の内容と一致するものを a, b, c, d の中から一つ選んで、その記号を回答欄に記入しなさい。

(1) A meteor burns

a. when it collides with a shooting star in the sky.

b. because it becomes very hot as it floats around in the sky.

c. when it travels very fast through the air around the earth.

d. because it is made of the kind of material that burns easily.


(2) Meteors and meteorites

a. are composed of totally different kinds of material.

b. can be found on our earth, because some of them reach the earth before they burn up.

c. are usually small pieces of material, though a few of them can be very large.

d. are the same objects, though they are named differently.


(3) The passage above tells us

a. that meteorites do not travel so fast through the air as meteors.

b. that, if meteors reach the earth without burning up completely, they are called meteorites.

c. that both meteors and meteorites become shooting stars when they get close to the earth.

d. that a great number of large meteorites have been found on our earth.


(B) 下線部を和訳しなさい。


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